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Freeform Crochet & Knitting

Myra Wood

The fiber art known as freeform crochet and/or knitting encompasses a number of creative techniques using a wide variety of stitches and fibers without a pattern. The most common technique is called Scrumbling; a name coined by Sylvia Cosh and James Walters in the 1970¹s.  Scrumbling is a method of creating fabric pieces that are joined together to create wearable art. The technique is as varied as the number of people who enjoy doing freeform.    

Freeform differs from traditional crochet and knitting in that fabric is created in pieces and then sewn together to form the garment as opposed to following a set linear pattern.  Scrumbles are usually created about palm sized and moved around within a template to create the fabric. The art of freeform is very similar to abstract painting with yarn, knitting needles and crochet hooks.    

For more information about Freeform Crochet and Knitting visit www.freeformcrochet.com.


  1. Create several small knitted and/or crocheted motifs using various yarns for each piece.    
  2. Using the tails of each motif and a tapestry needle, sew the pieces together at the edges.    
  3. Pick up stitches along the edge to fill in areas with either knitting or crochet.  Surround the piece with various bobble stitches.    
  4. Continue adding other small motifs and fill-in stitches until the scrumble is about 6 x 6 inches.    
  5. At this point you can choose to continue in this fashion or create a new scrumble and attach the edges of the 2 scrumbles together to create a fabric.    
  6.  The yarns you choose initially will determine the overall look of the finished piece. The better the quality of yarns you use, the better the piece will look as the final product.